Thursday, May 23, 2024

Signs Of Bipolar Manic Depression

Are Your Bipolar Disorder Symptoms Under Control

Symptoms of Manic Depression
  • But hypomania inevitably leads to depression. And if left untreated, symptoms may grow more extreme, evolving into bipolar I.

6 Warning Signs of Mania1. Unusually upbeat, outgoing or irritable mood

A person whos usually a reasonable individual may suddenly become impossible to live with, Dr. Galynker explains.2. Racing thoughts and speed-talkingBesides speaking quickly and jumping between ideas, a person in a manic phase may also be easily distracted one reason mania is sometimes mistaken for ADHD.Unfortunately, the primary treatment for ADHD is stimulants, which can trigger severe symptoms in someone with bipolar disorder, Last says.To avoid a misdiagnosis of ADHD, mental health professionals analyze how behavior has changed: Bipolar disorder is episodic, while adult ADHD usually continues from childhood.3. Boundless energyThe extremely energetic behavior common in the manic phase often leads to rushing around and taking on new projects, however ill-advised. If the sufferer is also easily distracted, hell jump to new tasks before completion, Dr. Galynker says.

Persuading Your Partner to Seek TreatmentPeople with manic depression may not realize how sick they are. So if your mate is showing signs of bipolar disorder, overcoming denial and convincing him or her to see a mental health professional can be difficult.Dr. Galynker recommends the following steps:

Importance Of Early Identification Of A Disorder

The sooner someone is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the sooner effective treatment can be personalized for his or her condition. The problem that many of those whove suffered with undiagnosed bipolar disorder for years go through is that their denial of symptoms, or fear or shame about getting diagnosed with bipolar disorder, means that theyve needlessly reduced their quality of life. Rather than working toward life-affirming goals or enjoying relationships with loved ones and others, someone who hides their fear of having the disease relegates themselves to shuffling through life missing opportunities. Often, they stay isolated, shying away from friendships, masking their episodes or saying theyre just sad or happy.

Untreated bipolar disorder has another tragic statistic in that those with it are 50 times more likely to engage in self-harm than individuals in the general population. Also, those with bipolar disorder are 12 times more likely to commit suicide .

On the other hand, when someone with symptoms that may be bipolar disorder seeks help early, theyre being proactive and can get the assistance they need to learn how to manage and cope with bipolar.

Short Article Shows The Plain Factual Statements About Bipolar And Manic Depression And How It Could Affect You

While the impact of relentless depressive disorder on job, connections and day-to-day live can vary extensively, its effects can be as wonderful bipolar and manic depression as or greater than those of significant depressive problem. Depression impacts an approximated one in 15 adults in any kind of given year.

To obtain one of the most advantage, aim for a minimum of half an hour of workout daily. This does not have to be simultaneously as well as its all right to start little. Being with others taking care of depression can go a long bipolar and manic depression way in reducing your sense of seclusion. You can additionally motivate each other, give and receive guidance on how to deal, as well as share your experiences.

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What Is It Like To Live With Bipolar Disorder

American actress Ricki Lake posted an emotional announcement in February 2017 that her ex-husband Christian Evans had died citing his struggle with bipolar disorder.

Bipolar is a condition of extremes, and sometimes the sufferer may not realise they are in the manic phase and can be shocked at their behaviour afterwards.

During their manic phase they may get irritable at other people trying to help, believing them to be negative.

The frequency of episodes can vary depending on the sufferer, with some getting jobs or having functional relationships.

There is also an increased chance of suicide.

Some people are able to manage bipolar well through their medication.

Kerry Katona recently explained that she’s been well enough to come off her medication.

Over the years numerous celebrities have come forward and admitted they suffer from the condition.

Billionaire Elon Musk is one of the many famous faces opening up about the condition.

The entrepreneur revealed on twitter that he experiences great highs, terrible lows and unrelenting stress.

And when asked if he suffers from bipolar, he said yes although clarified he has not been medically diagnosed.

And the death of fashion designer Kate Spade has rocked the industry.

What Are The Types Of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder symptoms, risk factors, and interesting ...

There are three main types of bipolar disorder:

  • Bipolar I disorder involves manic episodes that last at least 7 days or manic symptoms so severe that you need immediate hospital care. Depressive episodes are also common. Those often last at least two weeks. This type of bipolar disorder can also involve mixed episodes.
  • Bipolar II disorder involves depressive episodes. But instead of full-blown manic episodes, there are episodes of hypomania. Hypomania is a less severe version of mania.
  • Cyclothymic disorder, or cyclothymia, also involves hypomanic and depressive symptoms. But they are not as intense or as long-lasting as hypomanic or depressive episodes. The symptoms usually last for at least two years in adults and for one year in children and teenagers.

With any of these types, having four or more episodes of mania or depression in a year is called “rapid cycling.”

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What Is Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a complex disorder that likely stems from a combination of genetic and non-genetic factors. The mood episodes associated with it involve clinical depression or mania with periods of normal mood and energy in between episodes. The severity of mood episodes can range from very mild to extreme, and they can happen gradually or suddenly within a timeframe of days to weeks. When discrete mood episodes happen four or more times per year, the process is called rapid cycling. Rapid cycling should not be confused with very frequent moment-to-moment changes in mood, which can sometimes occur in people with bipolar disorder or other conditions such as borderline personality disorder.

Along with manic or depressive episodes, patients with bipolar disorder may have disturbances in thinking. They may also have distortions of perception and impairment in social functioning.

At What Age Is Bipolar Disorder Usually Diagnosed

Bipolar disorder usually appears between ages 15 and 24 and persists through a lifetime. It’s rare that newly diagnosed mania is seen in young children or in adults over age 65.

Severity of symptoms varies with individuals who have bipolar disorder. While some people have a few symptoms, others have many that impair their ability to work and live a normal life.

Marked by relapses and remissions, bipolar disorder has a high rate of recurrence if untreated. Patients with severe mania usually require hospitalization to keep them from risky behaviors. Those who are severely depressed also might need hospitalization to keep them from acting on suicidal thoughts or psychotic symptoms .

About 90% of individuals with bipolar I disorder, which is the more serious form, have at least one psychiatric hospitalization. Two out of three will have two or more hospitalizations in their lifetime.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms

A person with bipolar disorder will go through episodes of mania and at other times experience episodes of depression . These aren’t the normal periods of happiness and sadness that everyone experiences from time to time. Instead, the episodes are intense or severe mood swings, like a pendulum that keeps arcing higher and higher.

Symptoms of mania include:

  • anger, worry, and anxiety
  • thoughts of death or suicide

In adults, episodes of mania or depression usually last for weeks or months, although they can be shorter in length. In children and adolescents, though, these episodes can be much shorter, and a kid or teen can even go back and forth between mania and depression throughout the day.

Episodes of mania or depression may happen irregularly and follow an unpredictable pattern or they may be linked, with a manic episode always following a period of depression, or vice versa. Sometimes episodes have a seasonal pattern. Mania in the spring, for example, may be followed by depression in the winter.

Between episodes, someone with bipolar disorder usually returns to normal functioning. For some people, though, there is little or no “break period” between their cycles. These mood swing cycles can change slowly or rapidly, with rapid cycling between mania and depression being much more common in women, children, and adolescents.

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How Do Doctors Treat It

Bipolar disorder (depression & mania) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

Although there’s no cure for bipolar disorder, treatment can help stabilize moods and help the person manage and control symptoms. Like other teens with long-lasting medical conditions , teens with bipolar disorder need to work closely with their doctors and other medical professionals to treat it.

This team of medical professionals, together with the teen and family, develop what is called a treatment plan. Teens with bipolar disorder will probably receive medication, such as a mood stabilizer, from a psychiatrist or other medical doctor. A psychologist or other type of counselor will provide counseling or psychotherapy for the teen and his or her family. Doctors will watch the symptoms closely and offer additional treatment advice if necessary.

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Whats A Person With Bipolar Like

When someone is managing their bipolar disorder well, they likely wont appear any different from anyone else. If theyre in a manic episode you might notice they talk fast, switch topics continually, have grandiose plans or ideas, or take risks. When in a depressed episode they may have trouble getting out of bed, show a lack of interest in activities they used to love, not engage in conversation, have difficulty socializing or interacting with others, or have suicidal thoughts.

Warning Signs Of Bipolar Disorder

We all have ups and downs. But the steep climbs and sudden plunges of bipolar disorder can lead to life-threatening situations.

Shirley Rogerson thought her husband of 40 years was simply prone to dark moods. At other times, he was the life of the party, telling jokes that had everyone in stitches. But as years passed, his behavior became frightening. He threatened to kill himself and had hallucinations, says Rogerson, an author and library information specialist. Once, he saw visions of killing me and the dogs. Her husband was eventually diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

This serious mental illness affects about 6 million women and men in the U.S., according to the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance . And it can be harrowing and dangerous for people around them. In the manic phase, sufferers often dont think anything’s wrong. Theyre hyper-energized and brimming with confidence. But theyre not as invincible as they feel. Eventually, people almost always make a big mistake, such as a foolish investment or an ill-advised affair. When they realize what theyve done, they can crash into really bad depression, says psychiatrist Igor Galynker, MD, PhD, director of the Family Center for Bipolar Disorder at Beth Israel Medical Center, in New York City.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?This complex mental condition comes in various forms. These are the most common:

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Does Bipolar Disorder Look Different In Men Vs Women

Both men and women are affected equally and have similar symptoms. However, men usually experience mania first while women typically start with depressive episodes. Women and people with bipolar II disorder are significantly more likely to experience periods of rapid cycling than men with the same condition. Other research findings indicate that women with bipolar disorder may have more depressive episodes and more mixed episodes than do men with the illness.

Other Symptoms And Patterns Of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms  7 Manic Symptoms &  7 Depressive ...
  • Anxiety
  • A manic episode with some symptoms of a depressive episode, or a depressive episode with some symptoms of a manic or hypomanic episode
  • Feeling empty or hopeless yet also highly energized
  • Loss of pleasure in all or most activities
  • Catatonia
  • Psychosis

People with psychosis experience a severe episode of either mania or depression that causes them to become detached from reality.

Both bipolar 1 and bipolar 2 may occur after a woman becomes pregnant or within a month of giving birth .

The disorders may also follow a so-called seasonal pattern, in which episodes change with the seasons.

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How Is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed

As with most mood disorders, there is no laboratory test or brain imaging method to diagnose bipolar disorder. After performing a physical exam, your doctor will evaluate your signs and symptoms. Your doctor will also ask you about your personal medical history and family history. Lab tests may be done to rule out other medical illnesses that can affect mood.

In addition, your doctor may want to talk with family members to see if they can identify times when you were elated and over-energized. Because elation may feel good or even normal when compared to depression, it’s often hard for a person with bipolar disorder to know if the mood was too high. Mania often affects thinking, judgment, and social behavior in ways that cause serious problems and embarrassment. For example, unwise business or financial decisions may be made when an individual is in a manic phase. So early diagnosis and effective treatment is very important with bipolar disorder.

Living With Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a condition of extremes. A person with bipolar disorder may be unaware they’re in the manic phase.

After the episode is over, they may be shocked at their behaviour. But at the time, they may believe other people are being negative or unhelpful.

Some people with bipolar disorder have more frequent and severe episodes than others.

The extreme nature of the condition means staying in a job may be difficult and relationships may become strained. There’s also an increased risk of suicide.

During episodes of mania and depression, someone with bipolar disorder may experience strange sensations, such as seeing, hearing or smelling things that are not there .

They may also believe things that seem irrational to other people . These types of symptoms are known as psychosis or a psychotic episode.

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When Can It Be Diagnosed

According to several analyses, nearly 50 percent of individuals begin to show symptoms before the age of 21. Unfortunately, a review of more than two dozen surveys shows a lag of about 6 years from the onset of early symptoms of bipolar disorder and the start of treatment targeted to the disorder. So, while symptoms may start to appear in adolescence, the disorder often goes undiagnosed, meaning treatment is either not initiated or symptoms are treated as something else.

For example, as a 2019 study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging noted, bipolar disorder is initially misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder in about 60 percent of individuals seeking mental health disorder diagnosis. Researchers said the two disorders share some symptoms, especially since bipolar disorder first often manifests in a depressive phase, and this can delay accurate diagnosis by up to 10 years. In addition, depression typically starts during adolescence, which could cloud a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Furthermore, a core problem in both major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder is emotion processing.

Sudden Changes In Energy Activity Or Agitation

What are the symptoms of Manic Depression? – Dr. Sulata Shenoy

The primary and often most noticeable sign of a manic episode is a sudden change in energy, activity, or agitation. People experiencing mania often report boundless energy. They may speak unusually rapidly, sleep little, throw themselves into projects, and restlessly hyper-fixate to the exclusion of other activities. These can come seemingly out of nowhere and often are an extremely noticeable shift for close friends and family.

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How Does It Affect People

Bipolar disorder affects both men and women. For many people, the first symptoms show up in their early twenties. However, research has shown that the first episode of bipolar disorder is occurring earlier: It often shows up in adolescence, and even children can have the disorder.

Recent research suggests that kids and teens with bipolar disorder don’t always have the same behavioral patterns that adults with bipolar disorder do. For example, kids who have bipolar disorder may experience particularly rapid mood changes and may have some of the other mood-related symptoms listed below, such as irritability and high levels of anxiety. But they may not show other symptoms that are more commonly seen in adults.

Because brain function is involved, the ways people with bipolar disorder think, act, and feel are all affected. This can make it especially difficult for other people to understand their condition. It can be incredibly frustrating if other people act as though someone with bipolar disorder should just “snap out of it,” as if a person who is sick can become well simply by wanting to.

Bipolar disorder isn’t a sign of weakness or a character flaw it’s a serious medical condition that requires treatment, just like any other condition.

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Bipolar Disorder Or Depression

Doctors sometimes find it hard to distinguish between bipolar disorder and depression, and this can lead to misdiagnosis. People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help during a low mood because depression is more likely to have a negative impact on their health and wellbeing. During a high mood, they may feel exceptionally well.

Factors that increase the chance of this happening include the following:

  • Depression is the dominant mood.
  • Depression is the first episode you have.
  • You have experienced mania or hypomania but not realized it could be significant.

Its essential to get an accurate diagnosis in order to work out a treatment plan. Antidepressants may not be effective in treating bipolar disorder.

In addition, some antidepressant medications can trigger a first manic or hypomanic episode if youre susceptible to them, and this could complicate both treatment and the outcome.

If you go to see your doctor with depression, be sure to tell them about any of the following, as these can help get an accurate diagnosis:

  • a family history of bipolar disorder or other mental health conditions
  • any other conditions that affect your mental or physical wellbeing
  • any medications, drugs, or other substances youre taking or have used in the past
  • if youve already tried antidepressants and they did not help

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