Your Mood Or Energy Improves But Too Much
Depression medications can sometimes cause mood swings, especially in people who have a tendency toward bipolar disorder depression and mania, Hullett says. If you feel unusually elated or you become very terse with your spouse, feel noticeably more irritable, or have an uncharacteristic bout of road rage, you probably need to change your antidepressant, he advises.
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The Belief: Taking Antidepressants Is The Easy Way Out
Antidepressants arent going to make all of anyonesproblems go away. But some people find that medications make it easier to getup every morning, cope with the daily challenges of depression and work throughtheir issues.
Theyre also not meant to take the place of behavioral therapy. While people who take medications alone can and do get better, Dr. McLaughlin says, outcomes tend to be best when theyre combined with therapy.
D Assessment Of Methodological Quality Of Individual Studies
We interpret methodological quality to include primarily elements of risk of bias, related to the design and conduct of the study. In addition, we will evaluate the presence of additional biases, such as the funding bias, and a specific form of selection bias related to treatment failure being determined prospectively.
We have selected the Risk of Bias Tool by the Cochrane Collaboration11 to assess randomized controlled trials. The tool contains 12 items that include evaluation of the domains of randomization, blinding, co-intervention, and selective outcome reporting biases. Criteria for evaluation are standardized for these domains. However, there is some evidence that certain items where greater judgment is required may be prone to inconsistencies amongst raters.12 We will minimize inconsistency amongst raters by providing adequate training for raters and specifying clear decision rules in the standardized instructions.
We have selected the Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Tool13 to assess risk of bias for observational studies. The study design elements evaluated with this tool include: selection of the study population, appropriate means for measuring exposures and outcomes , and comparability of groups . We will also evaluate potential biases related to funding sources or conflict of interest, as well as the determination of treatment failure prospectively.
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Antidepressants: Know Your Options
There are many drugs to choose from to treat depression. The initial choice is usually based on which symptoms are most troublesome and potential side effects, says Bryan Bruno, MD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at New York University. For example, your doctor may opt for a medication that has sedative effects if your depression is interfering with your ability to get good sleep.
The most popular types of antidepressants are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors . These include:
These drugs work by increasing the availability of serotonin, a brain chemical known to affect moods. If one drug in this class does not work for you or has unacceptable side effects, others may work. SSRI side effects may include headache, nausea, sleeplessness or drowsiness, agitation, and decreased sexual desire.
Other types of antidepressants work on both serotonin and another brain chemical called norepinephrine. These are known as serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors . They include:
Bupropion is another class of antidepressants. Examples include:
- Wellbutrin SR
- Wellbutrin XL
Older antidepressants include tricyclics, tetracyclics, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors . These tend to have more side effects than some of the newer depression drugs, but are still used.
‘ugh Suddenly My Head Hurts’
During the first few days on your new prescription, you might find that you have a headache. All antidepressants have the potential to produce this side effect for a few days, says psychiatristBoadie Dunlop, MD, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and director of the mood and anxiety disorders program at the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta.
He suggests taking Tylenol to help, adding that this symptom usually gets better within the first week or two.
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What Should You Consider When Deciding Whether Or Not To Take Antidepressants
Whether antidepressants are an option will depend on things like the severity of the symptoms. Other aspects can also play a role in the decision:
- Are you going to psychotherapy or are you planning to?
- Have you taken antidepressants before and did they help?
- How bad do you think the potential side effects are compared to the possible benefits?
The question of side effects can also be key when choosing which drug to take: Some people might be more keen to avoid digestion problems. Others might prefer to avoid dizziness, decreased sex drive or erection problems.
It only makes sense to use antidepressants if the is correct. Specialists believe that some people are prescribed antidepressants unnecessarily. The fact that a lot more people take antidepressants nowadays suggests that this is true. They are sometimes already prescribed for milder symptoms, even though it’s not clear whether they help in mild .
But it’s still important to make sure that severe is diagnosed and treated properly. Antidepressants can be helpful here, and for some people may be the only way that they can get back into a daily routine or start going to psychotherapy.
How Well Do Antidepressants Work
Most people are able to find an antidepressant that helps their depression. But you may have to try a few before you find one that works for you. The right medicine is one that helps your symptoms and has the fewest side effects.
You may start to feel better within 1 to 3 weeks after you start taking an antidepressant. But you may need to take it for as long as 6 to 8 weeks to see more improvement.
It’s best to keep taking your medicine for at least 6 months after you feel better. If this is not the first time you have been depressed, your doctor may want you to take these medicines even longer.
The thought of needing to take medicine for a long time can be scary. But many people are able to slowly stop taking antidepressants after a while.
Antidepressants can change how you feel and respond in certain situations, but they don’t change who you are. You may feel more relaxed, more social, more assertive, or more outgoing when you are taking an antidepressant.
Depression treated only with antidepressants, and not also with therapy, is more likely to come back later.
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What Are Long Term Effects Of Antidepressants
Some recent studies have suggested serious potential risks. People who used antidepressants had a 14% higher risk of heart attacks and strokes and a 33% greater risk of death, according to findings in a meta-analysis of 17 studies that was published in 2017 in the journal Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
How Hard Is It To Stop Antidepressants
New research suggests antidepressant withdrawal symptoms might be more common, more severe and longer lasting than previously realized
Vol. 51, No. 3
Monitor on Psychology51
Prozac, the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor approved in the United States, burst onto the scene in 1987. Three decades later, the drug and its eventual competitors have transformed the treatment of depression and anxiety. According to the latest data available, nearly 13% of people age 12 and older in the United States have taken an antidepressant medication in the past month .
But what happens when people want to stop taking these medications? The thinking in the medical community was that patients could wean off these drugs with minor side effects, but anecdotally, many patients have reported troubling mental and physical withdrawal symptoms that last for months or even years. Finding a lack of support from prescribers as they figure out how to stop the drugs, many people have turned to online forums for advicewhere some report theyve resorted to opening pill capsules to remove a few beads, in a DIY effort to reduce their dosages more gradually.
Now, new research backs up the idea that for many people, antidepressant withdrawal might be a bigger problem than most have realized.
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Do Antidepressants Make You Fat
Yes. antidepressants could make you gain weight in the long run. It is one of the most known side-effects associated with the intake of antidepressants. Also, this weight gain differs from person to person. It depends on the physiology of an individual and other related factors. Two different individuals react differently to an antidepressant. Some might gain weight, while some others wont experience any change in their weight gain.
Key Points To Remember
- Taking medicine for your depression can help you get your life back to normal, especially if you also get counselling. But if your symptoms are mild, lifestyle changes and counselling may be all you need.
- You don’t need to be ashamed about taking antidepressants. Depression is a health problem, not a character flaw or weakness. The medicines won’t change your personality.
- Antidepressants don’t work right away. And you may need to try a few before you find one that works.
- Side effects are one reason that people stop taking antidepressants. But talk to your doctor. There are many ways to manage side effects. And lowering the dose or changing medicines may also help.
- The thought of needing to take medicine for a long time can be scary. But many people are able to slowly stop taking antidepressants after a while.
The symptoms of depression include a loss of interest in daily activities or feeling sad or hopeless and having at least four of the following symptoms:
- A change in eating patterns that causes either weight gain or weight loss
- Sleeping too much or not enough
- Feeling restless and unable to sit still, or feeling that moving takes a great effort
- Feeling tired all the time
- Feeling unworthy or guilty without an obvious reason
- Having problems concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
- Thinking often about death or suicide
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Do Antidepressants Increase Concentration
When you consume antidepressants, it works by balancing chemicals in your brain, called neurotransmitters that affect your mood swings and emotions. Therefore, these medications will help improve your mood and gain better sleep. This, in turn, will automatically increase your appetite and concentration. You will gain more energy to invest effort in focusing on things and be able to retain it at a later time.
Why I Still Take Antidepressants Even Though I’m Not Depressed
I have had depression for as long as I can remember, but I had no idea until my mid-20s. My childhood was very good: full of love, encouragement and plenty of opportunities. I wasnt necessarily sad or troubled in a way that impacted my development. But I was a very deep thinker, and often acutely aware of the emotional temperature of those around me, even if I didnt understand the cause. I had dark thoughts that I was afraid to talk about, and was frequently confused about my emotions and frustrated with feeling misunderstood. This often resulted in an angry temper tantrum or flood of tears.
During adolescence, I became defiant, restless and moody. I left home and headed for the downtown streets in search of adventure. I toted along with me a growing melancholy and slight self-loathing that continued to grow and flourish as I explored various forms what turned out to be self-harm behaviors . After enduring a two and a half-year abusive relationship, giving birth and giving my child to another family, spending time in prison and often earning money in unsavory ways, I finally returned home, physically unharmed but mentally and emotionally battered.
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Can Missing One Antidepressant Affect You
While consuming antidepressants, it is important to not miss any of your doses as it can have a serious impact on your treatment regimen. You may also suffer from withdrawal symptoms if you miss a dose of the medicine. In case you miss one of your doses, take it immediately when you remember unless it is nearly time for your next dose.
Can Antidepressants Stop Working
If your antidepressant is no longer working as well as it did when you first started taking it, you could have developed a tolerance for the drug. Some people refer to this as antidepressant “poop-out,” although the medical term is tachyphylaxis. It has not been determined how many people taking antidepressants experience this phenomenon, but studies show rates ranging from 9% to 57%.
While no one knows for sure why this decrease in effectiveness occurs, one theory suggests that receptors in the brain become less sensitive to the medication. Other culprits include:
- Alternative or cooccurring mental health diagnosis
- Drug interactions
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Harm Reduction’s Place In And Among Prevention Treatment And Recovery
Your Mood Has Improved But Youre Still Not Yourself
If you experience some relief on an antidepressant, but its not the relief you hoped for, it may be time to try something new, Dr. Thomas says. Options include another depression medication or the addition of counseling, psychotherapy, mood-boosting cardio exercise, or light therapy to your treatment regimen. The combination of medication and other mood-brightening treatments can speed your recovery and reduce your overall time on antidepressants, she says.
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The Belief: Needing Antidepressants Means Youre Too Emotional
Clinical depression is neither a choice nor a sign of personal failure.
What exactly happens in the brain to cause depression isntknown for sure, but there are thought to be multiple factors at play,potentially including:
- Genes that predispose people to low moods
- Faulty nerve cell communications
- Certain medications
- Life stressors
Lifestyle changes, such as adding exercise, meditation and time in nature to a daily routine, may temporarily boost someones mood. Various forms of psychotherapy have also been shown to be effective in treating depression for many people.
But medications are often an important component of treatment because they get at the biological cause of depression. The most commonly prescribed antidepressants selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors are designed to correct some of the chemical imbalances in the brain that contribute to depression.
How Do Antidepressants Work
The nerve cells in our brain use various chemicals to pass on signals. Even though not all details are known, experts believe that is caused by an imbalance of certain chemical messengers like serotonin, which means that signals can’t be passed along the nerves properly. Antidepressants aim to increase the availability of these chemicals. The various drugs do that in different ways.
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Why Antidepressants Dont Always Work Lets Talk About The Research
In a study published in the journal, Brain, Behavior and Immunity, researchers found important clues about how SSRIs work, and more importantly, what can be done to increase their effectiveness.
There is no doubt that antidepressants work for many people, but for between 30 and 50% of depressed people, antidepressants dont work. No-one knows why. This work may explain part of the reason. Silvia Poggini, researcher, Intituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome.
From the research, it seems that the effectiveness of SSRIs doesnt happen directly by increasing serotonin. What seems more likely, it that SSRIs facilitate recovery by increasing the plasticity of the brain so it can be changed, healed and strengthened by environmental and lifestyle factors.
In a certain way it seems that the SSRIs open the brain to being moved from a fixed state of unhappiness, to a condition where other circumstances can determine whether or not you recover Silvia Poggini.
The research was conducted in mice. After the mice had been stressed for two weeks, they were all given SSRIs. They were then split into two groups. Half the mice continued to be exposed to stress while the other half were put in a calmer, less stressful environment.
What Happens If You Take Antidepressants When Not Depressed
In this article, we will be discussing the question: what happens if you take antidepressants when not depressed?. We will examine the characteristics and functioning of the brain on the consumption of antidepressants in a non-depressive state, and the common myths, misconceptions, challenges, and risks associated with antidepressants. We will also be addressing other related and relevant queries concerning antidepressants.
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Is It Normal To Have Bad Days On Antidepressants
During the course of antidepressants, it is normal to experience certain bad days. This is because you may be having a partial response to the drug and if you have residual symptoms, your depression is more likely to return. However, the benefits outweigh the disadvantages of antidepressants. Therefore, people tend to dismiss the symptoms such as little trouble of sleep or slight changes in the usual energy level.