What Is Postpartum Depression
Many people experience mood changes after giving birth, but those feelings tend to go away after a few days. PPD is when those feelings last longer and are sometimes more severe interfering with your daily life and your ability to care for yourself and your new baby.
People with PPD typically feel disconnected from their new baby and experience mild to severe feelings of emptiness, sadness, or restlessness that last longer than 2 weeks. Symptoms usually begin 1 to 3 weeks sometimes up to 1 year after giving birth.
How Is Postpartum Depression Treated
Postpartum depression is treated differently depending on the type and severity of the womans symptoms. Treatment options include anti-anxiety or antidepressant medicines, psychotherapy, and support group participation.
In the case of postpartum psychosis, medicines used to treat psychosis are usually added. Hospital admission is also usually necessary.
If you are breastfeeding, dont assume that you can’t take medicines for depression, anxiety, or even psychosis. Talk to your healthcare provider about your options.
A $34000 Drug For Postpartum Depression Brings Praise Price Concerns
The most common complication of postpartum can last for weeks to months. A powerful but pricey new drug could offer quick treatment for affected mothers.
A one-time infusion that provides fast relief for postpartum depression has sparked excitement about the medicines potential and concerns over its $34,000 price tag.
Brexanolone provides a synthetic source of allopregnanolone a neurosteroid that decreases after childbirth. Approved last month by the Food and Drug Administration, it is the first drug specifically meant to treat postpartum depression.
The drug is also unique because allopregnanolone, which binds to receptors in the brain that help regulate mood and well-being, hasnt previously been a focus.
I am absolutely excited about this new treatment target, says , an associate professor of psychiatry and obstetrics and gynecology at Michigan Medicine. For these severely depressed moms to feel better quickly, theres no question that this is wonderful.
Three clinical trials involving more than 200 Zulresso recipients noticed improvement within hours after receiving the infusion. Better yet, the medication was still effective 30 days later.
Among those risks: inability to bond with an infant, feelings of sadness or anxiety, and, in severe cases, thoughts of suicide or harming the child.
Read Also: Severe Depression In Young Adults
Prevention Of Postpartum Psychiatric Illness
Women at high risk for postpartum illness should be identified before delivery. This includes women with a previous episode of postpartum illness and women with a history of either unipolar or bipolar depression. Women who experience depression during pregnancy should also be considered at high risk for postpartum illness.
In addition to monitoring, women with a history of recurrent depression or a history of postpartum depression may benefit from prophylactic treatment with an antidepressant medication. If antidepressants are not used during pregnancy, they may be initiated shortly before or immediately after delivery to reduce the risk of recurrent illness.
Women with bipolar disorder or a history of postpartum psychosis may benefit from prophylactic treatment with lithium, initiated either before or within 24 hours of delivery.
The prophylactic efficacy of nonpharmacologic interventions in this setting has not been fully assessed, although one study reported lower rates of postpartum depression in a group of women receiving interpersonal therapy for depression during pregnancy.
Future Outlook: A More Rapid Treatment For Postpartum Depression
Time is critical when it comes to treating postpartum depression. The faster depressed mothers feel better, the sooner normal mother-infant bonding can resume. Traditional antidepressants can take at least 4-6 weeks to kick in.
A new drug called brexanolone is administered by injection and can work in as little as 24 hours. Unlike other types of antidepressants, brexanolone targets the hormonal changes by boosting a hormone that spikes in the brain during pregnancy. So far, 70% of women with severe postpartum depression go into remission with brexanolone. Brexanolone is still undergoing clinical trials and is not yet available in Canada.
While Pillcheck cannot yet tell you how you will respond to brexanolone, Pillcheck can tell you what other medications will work best for your unique genetic make up. With this information and your doctors guidance, you may be prescribed an antidepressant that will help you to feel better, faster.
If you or a loved one is suffering from postpartum depression consider getting Pillcheck the test can help your doctor to select the right medication and optimal dose.
You May Like: Uv Light Therapy For Depression
Distinguishing Pmd From Other Disorders
Postpartum depression is a clinical term referring to a major depressive episode that is temporally associated with childbirth. Postpartum major depression is not recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 18 as being diagnostically distinct from its nonpuerperal counterpart, although the DSM-IV does allow the addition of a postpartum-onset specifier for patients with an onset within four weeks of delivery. Thus, the DSM-IV criteria for diagnosing major depression apply to the diagnosis of PMD as well. However, the similarities between symptoms of depression and the normal sequelae of childbirth often complicate the diagnosis of PMD. The symptoms of major depression are listed in Table 1. Those that are the most difficult to assess in postpartum women are marked with an asterisk.
Frequent thoughts of death or suicide
*Symptoms that may be confused with normal sequelae of childbirth.
Can Postpartum Depression Be Prevented Or Avoided
Postpartum depression cannot be prevented or avoided. However, if you have a history of depression or postpartum depression after giving birth to other children, you can prepare. Preparation might include keeping your mind and body healthy. Eat healthy during your pregnancy, exercise, and learn stress reduction strategies. Once you baby is born, stay away from alcohol and caffeine. Continue to make healthy lifestyle decisions. See your doctor earlier in your pregnancy or sooner after giving birth if you are worried you will have postpartum depression.
Additionally, the American Academy of Family Physicians recommends screening for depression in the general adult population. This includes pregnant and postpartum women. Screening efforts should focus on ensuring accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow up.
Speak Up About Postpartum Depression
Brave momslike Katie and Katherine share their stories in hopes to help more womenrecognize and seek help for their postpartum depression symptoms. Postpartumdepression is a serious medical condition and we can provide our patients withhope and treatment.
Should you need a counseling referral or other support, we can connect you with specialists. The staff at Walnut Hill are full of compassion, and we are here to listen and help you get through this. Call us at 363-7801 today to make an appointment.
Cultural Traditions And Ppd
PPD appears to be very rare in traditional, nonwestern cultures . The traditionally recognized amakiro postpartum illness in Uganda, typified by mental confusion and a desire to kill the newborn, may represent an exception . Domination by colonial cultures and resulting disruption of traditional native culture appears to result in the incidence of PPD similar to that of westerners . Apparently, people from traditional cultures are no less susceptible to PPD, given certain stresses, than westerners are.
Those cultures that observe traditional, ritual displays of social support to the new mother seem largely immune from PPD . Among the Nigerian Ibibio, for instance, women are placed in a fattening room after giving birth, while others take over their daily duties . In China and Taiwan, a traditional postpartum custom of doing the month similarly demonstrates social support to the new mother, who is viewed as unusually vulnerable and in need of great physical and emotional support . The Chinese and the Ibibio both apparently enjoy an absence of PPD, according to ethnologists . It appears that displays of social support from a woman’s kin and allies can mitigate the stress leading to PPD, and that people around the world have noted a mother’s special postpartum vulnerability and responded with cultural practices that mitigate relevant sources of stress.
Ahmet Ursavas, in, 2011
You May Like: Where Can I Get Diagnosed With Depression
Mild To Moderate Postpartum Depression Currently Breastfeeding
Case A Presentation
Ms. A presents for a follow-up appointment at 7 weeks postpartum. She is currently breastfeeding. Upon evaluation she describes a depressed mood most days over the past 3 weeks, and notes that she would prefer to ‘just stay home’ rather than engage in any social activities, which she used to enjoy. She describes having poor appetite, energy and concentration which make it difficult to accomplish tasks at home, but that overall she is not having a problem caring for her newborn and is able to take care of her other responsibilities. She denies any suicidal or homicidal ideation. Major stressors include tension in her relationship with her husband and recent arguments about duties around the home related to child care and managing their home. She is able to cope with this by not being so perfectionistic about the appearance of her home . Overall she and her husband get along well and she has strong social supports. She denies feeling anxious. She denies current or past symptoms of hypomania or use of substances including tobacco or alcohol. Psychiatric history is only significant for counseling in college following a difficult break-up. She has no significant past medical or family psychiatric history.
Case A Discussion
Dha And Maternal Mental Health
Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbirth, affecting 1315% of pregnant women in the U.S., and is a major public health problem . In a U.S. national survey, Listening to Mothers II, 63% of the women surveyed screened positive for elevated postpartum depressive symptoms with the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale . Furthermore, 2550% of women diagnosed with postpartum depression have episodic events for six months or more . Postpartum depression is a universal phenomenon, affecting women in countries throughout the world . A striking characteristic of this mood disorder is how covertly it is suffered . Because postpartum depression is a term applied to a wide range of postpartum emotional disorders, women may be misdiagnosed.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Postpartum Depression
Although multiple reports have provided evidence of an inverse relationship between DHA intake and depression , few investigations have focused specifically on postpartum depression . Hibbeln et al. conducted a meta-analysis of 41 studies that used the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale . These investigations reported that the DHA content of mothers milk and seafood consumption rates were associated with a lower prevalence of postpartum depression.
Richard J. Martin MBBS, FRACP, inFanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, 2020
Also Check: Most Common Drugs To Treat Depression
How Effective Is Zulresso In Treating Postpartum Depression
Clinical studies have shown Zulresso to be effective in improving the symptoms of PPD. One study included patients with severe PPD and the other included patients with moderate PPD. In both studies, depressive symptoms improved at the end of the first infusion of Zulresso and were observed again at the end of the 30-day follow-up period. Zulresso does not cure PPD, but it can lessen its symptoms.
Is There A Generic Version Of Zulresso
No, Zulresso is available only as a brand-name medication. There is currently no generic version of Zulresso.
Read Also: How To Fill Depressions In Asphalt Driveway
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Will I have to take antidepressants for life?
- If I take medicine, will I have trouble getting off the medicine when I feel better?
- How will I know if the medicine is making me feel better or if Im naturally getting better?
- Will I have postpartum depression with every pregnancy?
- Who should I call if I am having thoughts of suicide or of harming my baby?
Exactly How Online Counseling Can Aid With 5 Amazing Use Situations
On the internet therapy is a device that can aid with a variety of mental health problems. On the internet counsellors sustain individuals dealing with clinical depression, anxiousness, ADHD, and also extra.
There are incredible use situations for on-line therapy that we should all know:
Online Counseling Aids People With Anxiety: People struggling with clinical depression have trouble locating the ideal words to express their sensations. They likewise need somebody to pay attention without judgment or criticism to really feel much better about themselves. Online counsellors can help them by giving support and recognition in paying attention and caring responses.
Online Therapy Helps People With Anxiousness: Many people fight with stress and anxiety due to the fact that they are afraid of what others will certainly think if they share their sensations or thoughts out loud. On the internet coaching can help them by offering an anonymous, judgement-free setting to resolve their issues and the feelings that occur with those issues.
Don’t Miss: How To Tell The Doctor Your Depressed
Are There Natural Remedies For Postpartum Depression
Postpartum depression is serious and not something you should attempt to treat without a doctors input.
Along with medical treatment, natural remedies such as exercise and getting the right amount of sleep can help improve symptoms. Massage, meditation, and other mindfulness practices may help you feel better. Maintain a diet high in nutrients, but low in processed foods. If youre not getting the nutrients you need in your diet, ask your doctor to recommend the right dietary supplements.
What To Know About Zulresso
Women who undergo the new treatment must do so from a supervised healthcare center due to the risks and side effects observed in the clinical studies.
Some women may experience dizziness, headaches, or nausea, said Deligiannidis. Others may experience excessive sedation or loss of consciousness.
Furthermore, it may require patients to hold off on breastfeeding during the infusion to avoid feeding the baby contaminated breast milk. So far, though, it looks like only small amounts of the medication reach the breast milk.
Due to possibly needing to separate the mother and child, this would likely not be a first-line drug for postpartum depression, Dr. Jennifer Wu, a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist with Lenox Hill Hospital NYC, predicts.
For now, Wu believes first-line treatment should be counseling and SSRIs or traditional antidepressants.
That being said, this new treatment may be a good option for those who experience more severe PPD and have failed to respond to SSRIs, she added.
But Zulresso wont be cheap.
According to Sage Therapeutics, the drug will likely go for about $7,450 a vial, which amounts to approximately $34,000 before discounts or insurance. This excludes the costs that come with staying in a medical center for a couple of days.
The drug is expected to be available June 2019.
Breastfeeding And Psychotropic Medications
Women who plan to breastfeed must be informed that all psychotropic medications, including antidepressants, are secreted into breast milk. Concentrations in breast milk vary widely. Infant serum blood levels of antidepressants are not typically obtained unless the question of toxicity in the infant arises.
Data on the use of tricyclic antidepressants, fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine during breastfeeding are encouraging, and serum antidepressant levels in the breastfed infant are either low or undetectable. Reports of toxicity in breastfed infants are rare, although the long-term effects of exposure to trace amounts of medication are not known.
Women treated with valproic acid and carbamazepine should avoid breastfeeding, because these agents have been associated with hepatotoxicity in the infant. In addition, avoid breastfeeding in premature infants or in those with hepatic insufficiency who may have difficulty metabolizing medications present in breast milk.
Breastfeeding in women treated with lithium should be pursued with caution because lithium is secreted at high levels in breast milk and may cause significant toxicity in the nursing infant. If the breastfed infant is exposed to lithium in the breast milk, periodic monitoring of lithium levels and thyroid function is indicated.
Are Some Females Extra In Danger Of Postpartum Depression
If I werent expectant I might be the good better half as well as mother that I was before this maternity. This study was sustained by a grant from the Kenya Medical Research Institute. The authors are thankful to Francis Creed, for his help in editing and what is the best antidepressant for postpartum depression enhancing the manuscript and also the moms who participated in the study. Understanding the link in between depression as well as the menstrual cycle. Explore these sources to really feel more sustained throughout this challenging time.
- In a similar way, anxiety, poor focus, as well as insomnia or hypersomnia can be symptomatic of chemical abuse.1 There is a clear need for even more conclusive ways to detect PPD.
- Boyd RC, Le HN, Somberg R. Testimonial of screening tools for postpartum depression.
- Aid is out there, and also it functions, but finding the ideal sort of treatment means understanding what to look for especially when your signs dont fit the stereotypical picture of postpartum depression.
- Breastfeeding additionally increases a womans dietary needs.
Recommended Reading: Biological Causes Of Major Depressive Disorder