Monday, November 27, 2023

How Many People Are Depressed In The World

Approximately One In Eight Women Experience Postpartum Depression

WHO: Recovering from mental illness with dignity

Postpartum depression rates indicate that many women experience this specific type of depression. Usually, PPD lasts from a few weeks to a year. In more severe cases, it can last several years. Risk factors that might affect how long PPD lasts include breastfeeding difficulties, a history of mental illnesses, a lack of support from ones partner, etc.

Depression Is Less Prevalent Compared To Anxiety Disorders

According to anxiety statistics, worldwide, its prevalence is very high. In other words, generalized anxiety disorder , panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder , phobia disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder , along with other types of anxiety disorder, impact the lives of 284 million people.

Link Between Mental Health And Suicide

The link between mental health and substance use disorders and suicide is well-documented.37 It is however true that not all suicides or suicide attempts are attributed to underlying mental health or substance use disorders as shown in the chart, there is not a direct relationship between mental health prevalence and suicide rates.38

We cover suicide statistics more broadly in our full entry on Suicide, however here we attempt to distil the key findings on the links between mental health and substance use and suicide. Although mental health and substance use disorders is within the top-five causes of disease burden globally , accounting for approximately 7 percent of the burden, several authors have highlighted that such figures since they do not include suicide DALYs underestimate the true cost of mental health disorders.39

Providing a more accurate estimate of total mental health burden therefore requires some understanding of the connection between these disorders and suicide.

Meta-analyses of psychological autopsy studies of suicide across high-income countries suggest that up to 90 percent of suicides occur as a result of an underlying mental health or substance use disorder.40

While available data and studies are more scarce across lower-to-middle income countries, evidence across countries including China, Taiwan and India suggest that this proportion is significantly lower elsewhere.41

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Is The World More Depressed

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IVE been in and out of India for years, but on a recent visit to Chennai, in the state of Tamil Nadu, it seemed that suicide and depression had become part of the social conversation in a way that was once taboo.

I spoke with a young woman who, after a quarrel with her parents, took enough pills to land her in intensive care, and to an evangelical Christian who said that God had told him to give a sermon about suicide. He said he asked God, Is this even a topic to be spoken about?

Rangaswamy Thara, a psychiatrist and director of the Schizophrenia Research Foundation there, described this shift: Someone fails his exams, so he commits suicide. He is rebuked by his father, so he commits suicide. At the same time, there seem to be many more people in Chennai seeking help for emotional and psychiatric problems than there were 10 years ago, Dr. Thara said.

Maybe, she said, it has to do with increased awareness of mental illness better psychiatric outreach, or more people writing advice columns in the local papers. But maybe, she said, people are just more frustrated.

Something Dr. Thara said made me wonder about another factor: Gadgets. All these gadgets. Nobody thinks for themselves anymore.

Symptoms Of Depression In Men Include Irritability Anger Overeating Physical Aches And Engaging In High

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Due to the fact that anger is rarely interpreted as a sign of depression, men are oftentimes left without a diagnosis or misdiagnosed. Depression in women is not commonly associated with feelings of anger.

These are just some of the depression symptoms, but looking at depression statistics, they do vary a lot and neednt be experienced at the same time. It should take for these to last for at least two weeks before a man is diagnosed with the disease.

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The Top 10 Depression Stats Everyone Should Know

  • In 2020, 27.8% of American adults claimed to be struggling with the symptoms of depression during the pandemic.
  • Over 300 million people suffer from depression worldwide.
  • The US is third worldwide in relation to the overall burden of depression.
  • About 15% of adults will experience depression at least once in their lives.
  • 5% of Americans suffer from seasonal depression.
  • 2.8% of Americans suffer from bipolar disorder.
  • About 50% of new mothers diagnosed with postpartum depression experienced some of the symptoms during pregnancy.
  • Treatment for depression proved effective in up to 80% of the cases within 46 weeks.
  • Almost 800,000 people all over the world commit suicide every year.
  • US employers lose about $100 billion every year due to depression.

Diagnosing The Symptoms Of Stress

Many people may feel like they have a stress-related disorder due to the consistency of stress in their everyday lives.

A mental health professional can address stress-related psychological problems, which should be pursued as early as possible to avoid any compounding effects of stress.

To investigate and diagnose the issue, medical practitioners might conduct a battery of tests and exams.

Its essential to analyze your stress and its causes effectively, but they can also suggest effective therapies to alleviate your personal and work-life symptoms.

A person in a stressful situation might benefit greatly from stress therapy in terms of coping skills and support systems to help mitigate stress.

Treatment that directly tackles the source rather than surface-level day-to-day issues will end up having the most success.

The most effective therapies aim to lessen stress while also improving a persons response to stress.

Below youll find some of the leading treatments for the mitigation of stress in your everyday life.

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Depression By Education Level & Employment Status

The statistics presented in the entry above focus on aggregate estimates of prevalence across total populations. In the chart we present data on depression prevalence across a number of OECD countries, disaggregated by education level and employment status.44 This data is based on self-reported prevalence of depression as requested by surveys. There are multiple reasons why this data may differ from IHME statistics presented above: it is based only on adults aged 25-64 years old, and focuses on self-reported depression only. The lack of differentiation in these surveys between mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder mean that self-reported depression data may include individuals with these other disorders.

Categories in the chart have been coloured based on education level, with further categorisation based on whether groups are employed, actively seeking employment, and the total of employed, active and unemployed. Across most countries we tend to see the lowest prevalence in depression amongst those with tertiary education and highest prevalence in those who did not reach upper secondary education.

It is also notable that the large differences in education level close or disappear when we look only at the sub-group of those employed. Overall, the prevalence of depression appears to be lower in individuals in employment relative to those actively seeking employment, or the total population which also includes the unemployed.

Stress Factors At Work

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When discussing stressors in the work environment, stress statistics say that some causes of stress may lead to verbal or physical violence.

This includes hatred towards coworkers, a significant decrease in quality of life within the workplace, and physical signs of tiredness and burnout across the entire workforce.

Around 14 % of workers in the U.S. wanted to attack their coworkers because they were dealing with too much stress.

According to stress statistics, over 83 percent of individuals working in the United States suffer stress throughout their work hours on a daily basis.

Low income, too many work requirements, a lack of job stability, and an unsatisfactory work-life balance are some of the most prevalent reasons for stress in todays world.

The statistics on stress in the workplace do not portray a bright and encouraging picture.

According to one study, the most evident sources of stress for 76 percent of workers are job security and financial issues. Its understandable given how grossly underpaid many in the United States are.

According to the data from the Anxiety and Depression Association, 31% of employees are terrified of being labeled as a weak-link, and 22% are worried about getting a promotion, while 20% are in constant fear of being laughed at or mocked.

Sleep and the effects of stress are inextricably linked. Everyone understands that adequate sleep is essential for good health and general well-being in life.

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How Is Prevalence Defined And Measured

The widespread issue of underreporting means accurate and representative data on the prevalence of disorders is difficult to define. If relying on mental health diagnoses alone, this underestimation would be severe. Prevalence figures would be likely to reflect healthcare spending rather than giving a representative perspective on differences between countries high-income countries would likely show significantly higher prevalence as a result of more diagnoses.

The data presented in this entry by the Institute of Health Metrics & Evaluation is therefore based on a combination of sources, including medical and national records, epidemiological data, in addition to survey data. Where raw data for a particular country is scarce, epidemiological data and meta-regression models must be used based on available data from neighbouring countries. Data quality issues are described below.

The data presented here therefore offers an estimate of mental health prevalence based on medical, epidemiological data, surveys and meta-regression modelling.

The Disorder Is Most Common In Young Adults Aged 1825

Depression statistics for college students remark that young adults are very likely to experience depression. Namely, 10.9% of those aged 1825 experience it. Stress with school, financial problems, and moving away from friends and family do impact ones wellbeing and increase the likelihood of developing the disorder.

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% Of The Worlds Adult Population Will Experience Depression

Each year, depression affects 6.7% of people. While this may not include the majority of the world population, this percentage is more than high enough for people to take notice. Considering the health-based consequences of depression, not to mention how it impacts life quality, its worth educating people on the symptoms and treatment options.

How Many People Have Depression

Do YOU have symptoms of depression? Take this test to find out

Clinical depression has surged to epidemic proportions in recent decades, from little-mentioned misery at the margins of society to a phenomenon that is rarely far from the news. It is widespread in classrooms and boardrooms, refugee camps and inner cities, farms and suburbs.

At any one time it is estimated that more than 300 million people have depression about 4% of the worlds population when the figures were published by the World Health Organization in 2015. Women are more likely to be depressed than men.

Depression is the leading global disability, and unipolar depression is the 10th leading cause of early death, it calculates. The link between suicide, the second leading cause of death for young people aged 15-29, and depression is clear, and around the world two people kill themselves every minute.

While rates for depression and other common mental health conditions vary considerably, the US is the most depressed country in the world, followed closely by Colombia, Ukraine, the Netherlands and France. At the other end of the scale are Japan, Nigeria and China.

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Statistics Related To Mental Health Disorders

The following are the latest statistics available from the National Institute of Mental Health Disorders, part of the National Institutes of Health:

  • Mental health disorders account for several of the top causes of disability in established market economies, such as the U.S., worldwide, and include: major depression , manic depression , schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

  • An estimated 26% of Americans ages 18 and older — about 1 in 4 adults — suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

  • Many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at a given time. In particular, depressive illnesses tend to co-occur with substance abuse and anxiety disorders.

  • Approximately 9.5% of American adults ages 18 and over, will suffer from a depressive illness each year.

  • Women are nearly twice as likely to suffer from major depression than men. However, men and women are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder.
  • While major depression can develop at any age, the average age at onset is the mid-20s.
  • With bipolar disorder, which affects approximately 2.6% of Americans age 18 and older in a given year — the average age at onset for a first manic episode is during the early 20s.
  • Most people who commit suicide have a diagnosable mental disorder — most commonly a depressive disorder or a substance abuse disorder.

  • Four times as many men than women commit suicide. However, women attempt suicide more often than men.
  • In Many Countries Fewer Than 10% Of The People Who Have Depression Receive Treatment

    According to depression statistics, there are countries where an abnormally small number of people who suffer from depression receive proper treatment. As a side note, estimating the number of those getting treatment is challenging. Inaccurate medical assessments oftentimes drive numbers in statistics down.

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    Depression Rates By State 2022

    Major depressive disorder, also just known as depression, is a mental health disorder that negatively impacts how a person thinks, feels, and acts. It can lead to a variety of emotional, mental, and physical problems and can decrease a persons ability to function in their everyday life at home and work and doing activities once enjoyed. Depression is common and, fortunately treatable.

    Symptoms of depression include, but are not limited to:

    • A depressed mood or feeling of sadness
    • Loss of interest in activities
    • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
    • Feeling guilty or worthless
    • Significant changes in appetite and weight
    • Slowed movements and speech
    • Increasingly engaging in repetitive, purposeless tasks such as pacing
    • Suicidal thoughts

    Because other medical conditions symptoms can mimic depression symptoms, it is important to rule out general medical causes first. Additionally, symptoms must last at least two weeks for a depression diagnosis. Depression can be confused with grief or sadness because they share similar symptoms however, these are not medical conditions and typically come in waves.

    Depression can affect anyone, especially those with risk factors:

    Fortunately, depression is one of the most treatable mental disorders with 80-90% of depression patients eventually responding well to treatment. Depression is typically treated with medication, psychotherapy , and/or electroconvulsive therapy.

    Even Though Were The Happiest Country In The World According To The Statistics It Doesnt Tell The Whole Story Jonne Juntura

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    Even though we’re the happiest country in the world according to the statistics, it doesn’t tell the whole story. Because depression is a disease and it doesn’t always relate to circumstances.

    The moment I personally fell ill, everything was fine with my life. I was really enjoying my school. I loved my hobbies. I was in a relationship. So there was nothing dramatically wrong with my life. But still, I fell ill, he explains.

    A social stigma?

    Most mental health experts agree that taboos around depression and anxiety have started to break down in Finland, especially since the nationwide anti-suicide push. This has contributed to more people seeking treatment, which makes it tricky to compare depression rates through the years and across age groups.

    But many young Finns who have experienced depression, including Kirsi-Marja Moberg, believe there is still a stigma attached to anyone identified as a depressed person.

    It depends what kind of social circles you are in or also, maybe, where you live in Finland, how freely people talk about these things…the taboo is definitely still there, she argues.

    Despite mental health stereotypes being broken down, young adults like Kirsi-Maria and Jonne still feel the heavy presence of taboos surrounding depression

    It’s not just a stereotype, says Jonne Juntura of the Finns reputation for limited communication.

    Getting treatment

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    Prevalence Of Major Depressive Episode Among Adolescents

    • Figure 2 shows the past year prevalence of major depressive episode among U.S. adolescents in 2019.
    • An estimated 3.8 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States had at least one major depressive episode. This number represented 15.7% of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17.
    • The prevalence of major depressive episode was higher among adolescent females compared to males .
    • The prevalence of major depressive episode was highest among adolescents reporting two or more races .

    Figure 2

    Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic | AI/AN = American Indian/Alaska Native. Note: Estimates for Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander groups are not reported in the above table due to low precision.

    Demographic
    2 or more Races 20.9

    *Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic | AI/AN = American Indian/Alaska Native.Note: Estimates for Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander groups are not reported in the above table due to low precision.

    Risk Factors For Mental Health

    The determinants, onset and severity of mental health disorders are complex they can rarely be attributed to a single factor. Identifying potential risk factors form an important element of health research, potential prevention and in some cases, appropriate treatment nonetheless, many risk factors remain only correlates of observed patterns in mental health. They therefore need to be interpreted carefully.

    The World Health Organization synthesize the potential contributors to mental health and wellbeing into three categories:29

    • individual attributes and behaviours: these can be particular genetic factors or personality traits
    • social and economic circumstances
    • environmental factors.

    In the table we see the WHOs breakdown of potential adverse and protective factors for mental health within these three categories. These factors often interact, compound or negate one another and should therefore not be considered as individual traits or exposures. For example, particular individual traits may make a given person more vulnerable to mental health disorders with the onset of a particular economic or social scenario the instance of one does not necessarily result in a mental health disorder, but combined there is a significantly higher vulnerability.

    Level
    Exposure to war or disaster Physical security & safety

    Risk factors through the life-course

    Pre-conception and pre-natal period

    Infancy and early childhood

    Childhood

    Adolescence

    Adulthood

    Older age

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