Friday, June 14, 2024

How To Deal With A Person With Depression And Anxiety

How To Help Someone With Depression And Anxiety

Having Anxiety, GAD, Depression, OCD- It gets better! How to deal with it!

This article was co-authored by Liana Georgoulis, PsyD. Dr. Liana Georgoulis is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist with over 10 years of experience, and is now the Clinical Director at Coast Psychological Services in Los Angeles, California. She received her Doctor of Psychology from Pepperdine University in 2009. Her practice provides cognitive behavioral therapy and other evidence-based therapies for adolescents, adults, and couples.There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 26,190 times.

Depression and anxiety can greatly impact peoples lives and leave them feeling isolated and unable to cope with daily life. Its difficult to see someone you care about struggling with mental health problems and not know how to help. Some of the best help you can offer is by being present in this persons life and showing that you care.

Do Something You Enjoy

Depression can push you to give into your fatigue. It may feel more powerful than happy emotions.

Try to push back and do something you love something thats relaxing, but energizing. It could be playing an instrument, painting, hiking, or biking.

These activities can provide subtle lifts in your mood and energy, which may help you overcome your symptoms.

Research suggests people who spend time in nature have improved mental health.

Exposure to sunlight may offer some of the same benefits. It can increase your serotonin levels, which can provide a temporary mood boost .

Consider taking a walk at lunch among the trees or spending some time in your local park. Or plan a weekend hike. These activities can help you reconnect with nature and soak in some rays at the same time.

Why Are Anxiety And Depression Often Co

Its a cycle, says Sally R. Connolly, LCSW and therapist. When you get anxious, you tend to have this pervasive thinking about some worry or some problem. You feel bad about it. Then you feel like youve failed. You move to depression.

These two disorders anxiety and depression have a complicated relationship:

  • The chance of acquiring depression is much higher when an anxiety disorder already exists. Nearly half of those with major depression also suffer from severe and persistent anxiety.
  • People who are depressed often feel anxious and worried. One can easily trigger the other, with anxiety often preceding depression.
  • People with post-traumatic stress disorder are especially prone to developing depression.
  • A biological predisposition for both of these conditions if often at the root of an individuals battle. This seems to be true with anxiety disorders even more than with depression. Connolly explains, Some people are just worriers and pass it down.

People with an anxiety disorder should speak with a psychiatrist, therapist or other healthcare professional about their symptoms. Treatment for an anxiety disorder should not be delayed. If not caught in time, depression may find the door wide open for moving in and setting up house in those individuals.2

Also Check: How To Help A Child With Depression

Symptoms Of Anxiety And Depression

According to the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the United States, anxiety and depression can share several common symptoms, including, but not limited to:

  • Being easily fatigued
  • Sleep disturbance

Other signs that a person may suffer from both anxiety disorder and depression include:

  • Constant, irrational fear and worry
  • Physical symptoms like rapid heartbeat, headaches, hot flashes, sweating, abdominal pain, and/or difficulty breathing
  • Changes in eating, either too much or too little
  • Persistent feelings of sadness or worthlessness
  • Loss of interest in hobbies and activities
  • Inability to relax
  • Panic attacks

Match Your Support To Their Preferences And Attachment Style

What Does The Bible Say About Depression and Anxiety?

Its best to ask someone what type of support they prefer rather than guess! However, we know from research that people who have an avoidant attachment style are likely to respond best to strong displays of concrete practical support. That could include helping the anxious person break tasks down into manageable steps, or talking through specific options for how to deal with a difficult situation, like how to respond to an angry email, but still acknowledging their autonomy and independence while doing so.

Other people are more likely to prefer emotional support, especially those who are securely attached, or who have a preoccupied attachment style due to a fear of being abandoned or of their emotions being overwhelming to others. Folks like this respond well to statements emphasizing that theyre part of a tight teamfor example, their supporter saying, This is tough but we love each other and well get through it together.

Don’t Miss: What Is The Difference Between Loneliness And Depression

What Is The Link Between Smoking And Mental Health Conditions

Smoking is much more common among adults with mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety, than in the general population.6 About 3 out of every 10 cigarettes smoked by adults in the United States are smoked by persons with mental health conditions.6 Why smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to experience depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions is uncertain. More research is needed to determine this. No matter the cause smoking is not a treatment for depression or anxiety. Getting help for your depression and anxiety and quitting smoking is the best way to feel better.

Textbox module not selected or not found.

Take Care Of Yourself

It can be pretty scary and intense to see someone you care about experiencing depression or anxiety. You can be there for your friend, but its equally important to do things that keep you well. By taking care of yourself, youll be in a better place mentally and physically, and this allows you to better support the people around you.

Remember to do the following to make sure your own wellbeing is looked after:

  • Monitor your mood. You might be really worried about your friend, but it’s important that you also monitor your own mood and stress levels. This could include rating your mood out of ten each day, to track how you’re doing.
  • Don’t give up the things you enjoy. Always make sure you’ve got the time to do your favourite things.
  • Make time to relax. Relaxation is great for helping you to unwind and deal with stress.
  • Set boundaries. You arent going to be able to be there for your friend all of the time. Set some limits around what youre willing, and not willing, to do. For example, you might decide not to take any phone calls in the middle of the night, or not to miss social events just because your friend isnt up to going.
  • Ask for support. Its important that youre getting your own emotional support. Talk to people you trust about how youre feeling.

Also Check: Can Depression Be Treated Without Drugs

Support Them In Continuing Therapy

On a bad day, your friend might not feel like leaving the house. Depression can zap energy and increase the desire to self-isolate.

If they say something like, I think Im going to cancel my therapy appointment, encourage them to stick with it.

You might say, Last week you said your session was really productive and you felt a lot better afterward. What if todays session helps, too?

The same goes for medication. If your friend wants to stop taking medication because of unpleasant side effects, be supportive, but encourage them to talk with their psychiatrist about switching to a different antidepressant or stopping their medication entirely.

Abruptly stopping antidepressants without the supervision of a healthcare professional may have serious consequences. Typically, reaching out to a healthcare professional before stopping medication use can prevent health complications.

How To Prepare For Online Therapy Sessions: 5 Simple Actions You Can Adhere To

How to Deal with Anxiety attacks & Depression

In this write-up, I will certainly share the top 5 guidelines that you can follow to plan for your online therapy sessions.

Prior to the session, try to get in the right state of mind by thinking about exactly how you wish to approach it and what you hope to accomplish. And keep in mind that prep work is necessary before healing sessions make sure you greet your therapist with a smile, are well clothed, as well as have had a meal prior to.

  • Identify your assumptions and also objectives
  • Establish an amount of time
  • Establish a spending plan
  • Find ideal location
  • Prepare yourself psychologically
  • If youre thinking about on-line therapy, it makes sense to put in the time to get ready for your initial session. This is because, as a client, you have a right to understand what to anticipate as well as how best to get ready for your online therapy session. Live Radio Online For Anxiety And Depression Sufferers

    Recommended Reading: Depression Making It Hard To Work

    Tip : Eat A Healthy Depression

    What you eat has a direct impact on the way you feel. Reduce your intake of foods that can adversely affect your brain and mood, such as caffeine, alcohol, trans fats, and foods with high levels of chemical preservatives or hormones .

    Dont skip meals. Going too long between meals can make you feel irritable and tired, so aim to eat something at least every three to four hours.

    Minimize sugar and refined carbs. You may crave sugary snacks, baked goods, or comfort foods such as pasta or French fries, but these feel-good foods quickly lead to a crash in mood and energy. Aim to cut out as much of these foods as possible.

    Boost your B vitamins. Deficiencies in B vitamins such as folic acid and B-12 can trigger depression. To get more, take a B-complex vitamin supplement or eat more citrus fruit, leafy greens, beans, chicken, and eggs.

    Boost your mood with foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids.Omega-3 fatty acids play an essential role in stabilizing mood. The best sources are fatty fish such as salmon, herring, mackerel, anchovies, sardines, tuna, and some cold-water fish oil supplements.

    Ways You Can Help A Friend With Depression

    10 Ways You Can Help a Friend with Depression

    Depression can affect anyone. Yet, it is still an illness that many people don’t understand. People talk about mental illness much more than they used to. Even so, there is still a stigma attached to mental health. A stigma that prevents many people from being open about depression. If you have a friend with depression, it can be difficult to know what you can do to help them. Here are ten ways that you can help a friend who is suffering from depression.

    1. Educate Yourself

    The first thing to do if you want to help someone with depression is to learn more about the illness. If you have never suffered from depression, it can be very difficult to empathize with someone who is. There are lots of very good resources online that you can refer to. So, do some research and then you will be much better equipped to offer your friend help and support.

    2. Take It Seriously

    Depression is not something that someone can snap out of. You can’t fix the problem with one good night out, for example. When you are talking to someone with depression, don’t try to make light of the condition. Depression is a serious illness. You won’t be able to help a depressed person by telling them to cheer up or to pull themselves together and get over it.

    3. Become a Good Listener

    4. Encourage Them to Get Help

    5. Offer Practical Help

    6. Keep Them in The Loop

    7. Don’t Try to Be an Expert

    8. Don’t Belittle the Condition

    10. Be Patient

    You May Like: How Do You Know If Your Depression Is Coming Back

    Find Ways To Make Use Of Any Insight They Have Into Their Anxiety

    If your loved one has insight into their anxiety, you can help them spot when their anxiety-driven patterns are occurring. I find it helpful when my spouse notices that Im expressing my anxiety about work by being irritable with her or by being too fussy. Because we know each others patterns so well and have a trusting relationship, we can point out each others habits. Not that this is always met with grace, but the message sinks in anyway.

    If youre going to do this, its a good idea to have their permission first. Keep in mind that people who have insight into their anxiety often still feel compelled to give in to their anxious thoughts. For instance, a person with health anxiety might logically know that going to the doctor every week for multiple tests is unnecessary, but they cant help themselves. If your loved one lacks insight into their anxiety or has trouble managing compulsions, its probably best to encourage them to see a clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of anxiety.

    Actions For This Page

    Depression Infographic
    • Anxiety and depression in men are common, and effective, evidence-based treatments are available.
    • Anxiety and depression are mental health conditions, not weaknesses.
    • Taking action may seem difficult but help and support is readily available.
    • Its important to seek support for anxiety and depression early the sooner the better.
    • With the right treatment, most people recover from anxiety and depression.

    Also Check: Can You Overcome Depression Without Medication

    How Do You Know If Your Friend Is Going Through A Tough Time

    Sometimes its hard to know the difference between the regular ups and downs of life, and mental health concerns like depression and anxiety. Someone experiencing mental health concerns might feel ashamed, and worried about how their friends might react if they talk about it.

    Not everyone experiences depression or anxiety in the same way, and symptoms can vary however, there are changes in the way a person going through a tough time acts that you can look out for. If your friend is experiencing depression, they might:

    • seem down or tearful a lot of the time, or cranky more often
    • stay up really late or sleep in a lot, or have problems with sleep
    • miss a lot of school, work or their regular activities
    • miss hangouts or often cancel at the last minute
    • eat more or less than usual
    • drink alcohol or take drugs more than usual
    • talk about feeling empty, tired or worthless
    • seem more pessimistic and hopeless, and like they have less energy in general.

    If your friend is experiencing anxiety, they might:

    • be obsessed with details, such as being a perfectionist or wanting to plan things out thoroughly
    • have difficulty making decisions
    • avoid new people, situations or unfamiliar places
    • have trouble keeping to schedules or plans
    • seem disinterested, forgetful, distracted or scattered
    • have digestive issues
    • have a need to reassurance about how you feel, whether plans make sense, triple checking times
    • have difficulty sleeping

    Learn more about what anxiety is and how to recognise the symptoms.

    Tips To Help Someone Who Seems Down

    • Let them know you care and are there to listen.
    • Accept them as they are, without judging them.
    • Gently encourage them to help themselves for example, by staying physically active, eating a balanced diet and doing things they enjoy.
    • Get information about the services available to them, such as psychological therapy services or depression support groups in their area.
    • Stay in touch with them by messaging, texting, phoning or meeting for coffee. People who are depressed can become isolated and may find it difficult to leave their home.
    • Try to be patient.
    • Take care of yourself.

    You May Like: What Is The Worst Form Of Depression

    Mistakes Are Hugely Magnified

    All people make mistakes and it is part of human nature to do so. Most of us look at mistakes as something we can learn from but people with anxiety dont look at mistakes the same way. When they make a mistake, it is magnified and they constantly beat themselves up for the mistake. Any small mistake or flaw is taken very seriously and they cannot bear to go wrong.

    Understand Differences In How Anxiety Manifests

    ð¥³How to REALLY Help Someone With Depression and Anxiety ð¥³

    Because of evolution, were wired to respond to fear by either fight, flight, or freeze. For different people, one of these responses will typically dominate. For instance, my spouse tends to freeze and will bury her head in the sand rather than deal with things that make her feel stressed and panicky. I tend more toward fighting, and will become irritable, excessively perfectionistic, or dogmatic if I feel stressed.

    When you understand that anxiety is designed to put us into a mode of threat sensitivity, its easier to understand someone who is feeling scared and acting out by being irritable or defensive, and to find compassion for them. By paying attention to how anxiety manifests in the person you care about, you can learn their patterns and be in a better position to help.

    Recommended Reading: What Not To Say To A Depressed Person

    Do Keep Lines Of Communication Open

    When it comes to helping someone with anxiety, it is important to keep an open line of communication with them.

    If you are able to, see the person regularly as this will help with managing anxiety. Spend one-on-one time with them so that they have opportunities to talk about anything they feel anxious about. You can also keep in touch over the phone, video or phone calling them once a week, or sending a text every few days just to see how their week is going.

    How To Help A Teen With Depression: 9 Pieces Of Advice Healthline

    How to Help a Teen With Depression: 9 Pieces of Advice.

    During therapy, a magnetic coil is positioned on the scalp over the part of the mind being stimulated. Many clients report experiencing a touching experience in the location of treatment or their temple. TMS is a noninvasive means of stimulating the mind at certain locations that can relieve the symptoms of depression, Dr. Montie claimed. In the first phases of healing, inpatient treatment at a domestic recuperation facility may be recommended, especially if the individual how to overcome severe depression and anxiety expresses self-destructive thoughts or has a history of suicide efforts. If a history of trauma is a factor in a clients depression or drug abuse, injury treatments like Looking for Safety and eye motion desensitization reprocessing can help. These treatments assist to reprocess uncomfortable memories and also settle old sources of emotional discomfort, so the customer can move on through the procedure of healing and also rehab.

    Read Also: Dealing With People With Depression

    Popular Articles
    Related news