Friday, April 19, 2024

Depression Rates Through The Years

Risk Factors For Mental Health

Doctor: Sad, scary year for mental health in young people

The determinants, onset and severity of mental health disorders are complex they can rarely be attributed to a single factor. Identifying potential risk factors form an important element of health research, potential prevention and in some cases, appropriate treatment nonetheless, many risk factors remain only correlates of observed patterns in mental health. They therefore need to be interpreted carefully.

The World Health Organization synthesize the potential contributors to mental health and wellbeing into three categories:29

  • individual attributes and behaviours: these can be particular genetic factors or personality traits
  • social and economic circumstances
  • environmental factors.

In the table we see the WHOs breakdown of potential adverse and protective factors for mental health within these three categories. These factors often interact, compound or negate one another and should therefore not be considered as individual traits or exposures. For example, particular individual traits may make a given person more vulnerable to mental health disorders with the onset of a particular economic or social scenario the instance of one does not necessarily result in a mental health disorder, but combined there is a significantly higher vulnerability.

Exposure to war or disaster Physical security & safety

Risk factors through the life-course

Pre-conception and pre-natal period

Infancy and early childhood




Older age

During The Roaring ’20s The Divorce Rate Climbed Up To 17 Divorces For Every 1000 Americans

During the ’20s, women continued to gain their independence, as they embraced the life of a flapper and started dating publicly. Challenging traditional gender roles, many women chose to stay single longer, instead of getting married young. The number of divorces increased to 1.7 per 1,000 people in 1928 and 1929 with 200,000 divorces.

General Teen Depression Statistics

  • Depression is the most common mental health disorder in the United States among teens and adults.
  • 2.8 million youth age 12-17 had at least one major depressive episode in 2014.
  • Between 10 to 15 percent of teenagers have some symptoms of teen depression at any one time.
  • About 5 percent of teens are suffering from major depression at any one time
  • As many as 8.3 percent of teens suffer depression for at least a year at a time, compared to about 5.3 percent of the general population.
  • Most teens with depression will suffer from more than one episode. 20 to 40 percent will have more than one episode within two years and 70 percent will have more than one episode before adulthood. Episodes of teen depression generally last about 8 months.
  • Dysthymia, a type of mild, long-lasting depression, affects about 2 percent of teens, and about the same percentage of teens develop bipolar disorder in their late teenage years. 15 percent of teens with depression eventually develop bipolar disorder.
  • A small percent of teens also suffer from seasonal depression, usually during the winter months in higher latitudes.

Recommended Reading: How To Help Someone With Mild Depression

Fact: Depression Is A Worldwide Issue

According to the World Health Organization, depression is a major issue throughout the world and one of the most common mental illnesses. People in some countries face specific barriers to getting treatment. These include lack of resources and health professionals trained in mental health. Barriers also include stigma and misdiagnoses, which are common in many countries.

Depression has a big economic and social impact globally. It causes more disability than any other health condition, which means that depression reduces the ability to work in adults and to go to school and perform successfully in young people. Depression causes billions of dollars in lost work hours and productivity throughout the world. Here are some additional statistics about depression around the globe:

  • Worldwide, depression is the leading cause of disability.
  • More than 300 million people of all ages around the world live with depression.
  • Nearly 800,000 people die of suicide around the world each year.
  • Less than half of people struggling with depression get treatment.
  • In some countries, less than 10 percent get treatment.
  • The burden of all mental illnesses, including depression, is increasing.

Figure : Unemployed Adults Were More Likely To Experience Depressive Symptoms Than Those Who Were Employed Or Self

Graph showing national suicide rates over time, and census ...

Percentage of adults with depressive symptoms by employment status, Great Britain, 27 January to 7 March 2021

  • Base population: All adults in Great Britain.
  • Unpaid family worker has been removed from the chart because of a low sample size. Estimates for this group can be found in the accompanying dataset.
  • Recommended Reading: Things To Do To Get Over Depression

    Major Depressive Disorder With Seasonal Pattern

    Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern is a type of recurrent depression that is caused by the seasons changing. Many people with this disorder develop depression symptoms during the fall, and continue to feel sad throughout the winter. Most people stop having symptoms during the spring and summer. However, some people experience seasonal depression during the spring and summer.

    This disorder is treated with light therapy, antidepressants, and talk therapy.

    The State Of Mental Health In America

    Mental Health America is committed to promoting mental health as a critical part of overall wellness. We advocate for prevention services for all, early identification and intervention for those at risk, integrated services, care and treatment for those who need them, and recovery as the goal.

    We believe that gathering and providing up-to-date data and information about disparities faced by individuals with mental health problems is a tool for change.


    Recommended Reading: How Can My Boyfriend Help Me With Depression

    Turning Point And Recovery

    In most countries of the world, recovery from the Great Depression began in 1933. In the U.S., recovery began in early 1933, but the U.S. did not return to 1929 GNP for over a decade and still had an unemployment rate of about 15% in 1940, albeit down from the high of 25% in 1933.

    There is no consensus among economists regarding the motive force for the U.S. economic expansion that continued through most of the Roosevelt years . The common view among most economists is that Roosevelt’s New Deal policies either caused or accelerated the recovery, although his policies were never aggressive enough to bring the economy completely out of recession. Some economists have also called attention to the positive effects from expectations of reflation and rising nominal interest rates that Roosevelt’s words and actions portended. It was the rollback of those same reflationary policies that led to the interruption of a recession beginning in late 1937. One contributing policy that reversed reflation was the Banking Act of 1935, which effectively raised reserve requirements, causing a monetary contraction that helped to thwart the recovery. GDP returned to its upward trend in 1938.

    Depression Rates Tripled And Symptoms Intensified During First Year Of Covid

    Japans suicide rate rises during pandemic – BBC News

    A new study found that people with lower incomes and who experienced multiple COVID-related stressors were more likely to feel the toll of the pandemic, as socioeconomic inequities in mental health continue to widen.

    PROVIDENCE, R.I. Depression among U.S. adults persisted, and worsened, during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, found a new study by public health researchers at Brown University and Boston University.

    Published in the journal the Lancet Regional Health Americas, the study found that 32.8% of U.S. adults experienced elevated depressive symptoms in 2021, compared to 27.8% of adults in the early months of the pandemic in 2020, and 8.5% before the pandemic.

    Rates of depression did not decrease over time, nor did they stay the same surprisingly, they went up, said lead author Catherine Ettman, a doctoral candidate at Browns School of Public Health and chief of staff and director of strategic initiatives in the Office of the Dean at Boston Universitys School of Public Health.

    The most significant predictors of depressive symptoms during the pandemic were low household income, not being married, and the experience of multiple pandemic-related stressors. The findings underscore the inextricable link between the pandemic and its short- and long-term impacts on mental health, Ettman said.

    These outcomes are notably different than those observed after other national crises, the researchers said.

    Don’t Miss: Copper Iud Depression And Anxiety

    Fact: Racial And Ethnic Disparities Exist In Depression Diagnosis And Treatment

    There are many factors that contribute to depression, from genetics and family history to physical health and stress. Research also shows there are disparities by race and ethnicity, although why these disparities exist is not exactly clear. Issues that create disparity may include increased stigma, lack of access to health care or health insurance, cultural insensitivity or language barriers in the healthcare setting, and using a primary physician for mental health care instead of a specialist.

    • Rates of depression by race or ethnicity demonstrate that 6.4 percent of white Americans are diagnosed with depression as compared to 7.2 percent of Hispanics and 4.2 percent of African Americans.
    • Seventy-three percent of whites diagnosed get treatment for depression, as compared to just 63 percent of Hispanics and 60 percent of African Americans.
    • People of color are less likely to get quality mental health care for depression.

    Begin Your Recovery Journey.

    World War Ii And Recovery

    The common view among economic historians is that the Great Depression ended with the advent of World War II. Many economists believe that government spending on the war caused or at least accelerated recovery from the Great Depression, though some consider that it did not play a very large role in the recovery, though it did help in reducing unemployment.

    The rearmament policies leading up to World War II helped stimulate the economies of Europe in 19371939. By 1937, unemployment in Britain had fallen to 1.5 million. The mobilization of manpower following the outbreak of war in 1939 ended unemployment.

    When the United States entered the war in 1941, it finally eliminated the last effects from the Great Depression and brought the U.S. unemployment rate down below 10%. In the US, massive war spending doubled economic growth rates, either masking the effects of the Depression or essentially ending the Depression. Businessmen ignored the mounting national debt and heavy new taxes, redoubling their efforts for greater output to take advantage of generous government contracts.

    Read Also: What To Do When You Think You Are Depressed

    Data And Statistics On Children’s Mental Health

    Mental disorders among children are described as serious changes in the way children typically learn, behave, or handle their emotions, causing distress and problems getting through the day.1 Among the more common mental disorders that can be diagnosed in childhood are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder , anxiety, and behavior disorders.

    There are different ways to estimate which children have difficulties with mental health. CDC uses surveys, like the National Survey of Childrens Health, to understand which children have diagnosed mental disorders and whether they received treatment. In this type of survey, parents report on the diagnoses their child has received from a healthcare provider. Learn more facts about childrens mental disorders below.

    Prevalence Of Depressive Symptoms Over Time

    Suicides in Rural America Increased More than 40% in 16 ...

    Around one in five adults aged 16 years and over in Great Britain experienced some form of depression in early 2021 , an increase from 19% in November 2020. Rates in early 2021 were more than double those observed before the coronavirus pandemic, where 10% of adults experienced some form of depression .

    The presence of moderate to severe depressive symptoms was indicated by a score of 10 or more on the eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire . Further information can be found in the Glossary. Previous estimates of adults experiencing depressive symptoms using the same measure were published in and .

    Recommended Reading: Can You Cure Depression On Your Own

    Depression And Anxiety Indicators

    Presence of a major depressive episode in the past 12 months

    This indicator was a composite of a high likelihood of experiencing a major depressive episode using the following:

    • the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form where a score of 5/8 assessed in annual CCHS cycles from 2000 to 2014 aligned to a high likelihood of experiencing a MDE in the past year Note 16
    • the World Mental Health CIDI , which was assessed in the CCHS 1.2 and CCHS-MH and aligned to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fourth Edition criteria for experiencing a MDE in the past year
    • the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 , where a score of 10/27 assessed in the 2015 to 2016 CCHS cycles aligned to criteria for experiencing a MDE in the past two weeks.Note 17

    Number of weeks experiencing depressive symptoms among those with a MDE in the past 12 months

    Participants who reported on the CIDI-SF that they had felt sad, blue or depressedor had lost interest in things like hobbies, work, or activitieswere asked for how many weeks these feelings had lasted. Participants could report between 2 and 53 weeks. This indicator was examined among participants who met MDE criteria and was modelled on the log scale, given the skewness of the variable.

    Presence of a self-reported anxiety disorder diagnosed by a healthcare professional

    Comorbid MDE and diagnosed anxiety disorder

    Anxiety Depression And Antisocial Behaviour In Teenagers

    • The proportion of 15/16 year olds reporting that they frequently feel anxious or depressed has doubled in the last 30 years, from 1 in 30 to 2 in 30 for boys and 1 in 10 to 2 in ten for girls.
    • The proportion of 15/16 year olds with behaviour problems also increased, from approximately 7 per cent in 1974, to approximately 15 per cent in 1999.
    • There is evidence that these increases have levelled in more recent years. For example, there was no rise in symptoms of emotional problems between 1999 and 2004.

    Also Check: Is My 10 Year Old Depressed

    Distribution Of Depression Severity And Depression Symptoms In Cases With 12

    Overall, for men and women with 12-month MDD, moderate severity was most frequent . There was a slight decrease in mild depression over time, while severe depression increased . However, these changes were statistically significant only for women with mild depression, decreasing from 24.1% to 13.8% . Comparable results were obtained when controlling for age in a multinomial logistic model . Furthermore, differences observed were not attributable to changes only within specific age groups .

    Table 3 Depression severity in cases with 12-month MDD 199719991 vs. 200920122

    Prevalence of the nine depression symptoms in cases with 12-month MDD was heterogeneous . Over time, there was a significant increase in the frequency of reporting a feeling of guilt/worthlessness in men and women . In addition, women reported significant weight/appetite change more frequently in 20092012 and diminished interest/pleasure less frequently .

    Fact: Depression Often Occurs With Other Health Conditions

    Suicide rates have been on the rise for years. Here’s what can help those in crisis

    It is not uncommon for someone with clinical depression to have another mental health condition or a physical health condition, or both. In some cases, an illness may trigger depression, while in others depression can lead to complications and other mental and physical health problems. Any kind of serious, severe, chronic, or terminal illness can lead a patient to develop depression. Some of the more common illnesses that trigger depression are cancer and any condition that causes chronic pain or disability, such as fibromyalgia or multiple sclerosis.

    Commonly co-occurring mental health conditions include anxiety disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, eating disorders, and substance use disorders. It is not always possible to determine whether depression causes another condition, but it is possible, especially when depression goes untreated. For instance, depression can lead to substance use disorders, because some people use substances to self-medicate. With some health conditions, co-occurring depression affects many people:

    • One quarter of cancer patients develops depression.
    • One third of heart attack survivors will struggle with depression.
    • Half of patients with Parkinsonâs disease experiences depression.
    • Fifty to 75 percent of eating disorder patients will have episodes of depression.
    • More than one quarter of people with substance use disorders experience depression.

    Also Check: What Is Ect Treatment For Depression

    The Divorce Rate Decreased In The ’50s As American Ideals Changed

    The idea of the nuclear, All-American Family was created in the 1950s, and put an emphasis on the family unit and marriage. This time period saw younger marriages, more kids, and fewer divorces.

    In fact, the divorce rate was 2.5 divorces for every 1,000 people in 1950, and dropped to 2.3 in 1955. In 1958, the rate even slumped to 2.1, with 368,000 divorces.

    New Global Burden Of Disease Analyses Show Depression And Anxiety Among The Top Causes Of Health Loss Worldwide And A Significant Increase Due To The Covid

    **Content Warning**

    This post discusses suicide and some people might find it disturbing. If you or someone you know is suicidal, please, contact your physician, visit your local ER, or call the suicide prevention hotline in your location.

    For the US, the numbers are as follows: The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK , or message the Crisis Text Line at 741741.

    Both numbers are free, confidential, and available 24/7.

    As we near the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic, a noticeable and disproportionate increase in the global burden of depressive and anxiety disorders has impacted the mental health of women and children worldwide. According to a new analysis published in The Lancet showing that the COVID-19 pandemic led to a stark rise in depressive and anxiety disorders globally in 2020, the overall number of cases of mental disorders rose dramatically, with an additional 53.2 million and 76.2 million cases of anxiety and major depressive disorders , respectively.

    Self-harm deaths in women globally in 2019, GBD 2019

    Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, mental health disorders posed a significant burden worldwide. In 2019, depression was the second-leading cause of disability globally, and anxiety ranked eighth, both being the most common types of mental health disorders.

    Global disability-adjusted life-years by mental disorder, sex, and age in 2019

    Read Also: Natural Remedies Depression And Memory Loss

    Popular Articles
    Related news