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What Are The Characteristics Of Depression

Depression Characteristics Do You Have Fewer Than 5 Depression Characteristics

Characteristics of Phobias, Depression & OCD | A-level Psychology

If you experience fewer than 5 of the above depression characteristics, are you then still under a depression diagnosis? According to he DSM you then no longer fall into the category of diagnosed depression. It is then useful to ask yourself the question: ‘Does a diagnosis help me to get motivated to get help?’ If the diagnosis of depression is received, this can give you an extra push into the right direction toward looking for help, but does this mean that you may not look for help when you experience fewer than 5 depression characteristics?The DSM is one of the most well-known manuals. The DSM handles the rule of 5 depression characteristics, but other diagnostic tools use different rules. That is why there is a lot of controversy when it comes to what a ‘diagnosis’ actually entails. Furthermore, people get the feeling that they are placed into a box.

Characteristics Of Participants In A Randomized Trial Of An Internet Intervention For Depression In Comparison To A National Sample

The present study consists of a large sample size with participants from multiple sources.

Differences in characteristics between depressed participants in an Internet trial and in a population-based sample were found.

Participants in the Internet trial were older, more often female, single/divorced, more highly educated and more depressed.

Mild to moderately depressed individuals seeking help in the Internet are substantially impaired.

How Is Depression Treated

Depression is a serious health issue and should be managed by a qualified health practitioner. Your GP can assess your mood and your overall health, and will suggest treatment approaches based on several factors, including what type of depression you have, how severe your symptoms are and whether you are experiencing a first or recurrent episode.

There are 3 main approaches to treating depression: lifestyle changes psychological treatments and physical therapies . Often these treatments are used in combination.

A wide range of medicines are used in treating depression, and your doctor will work with you to find the one that is right for you. It can take several weeks for an antidepressant medicine to work fully, and often your doctor may need to adjust your dose.

It is important that you receive full support during this time and Beyond Blue has a free telephone counselling support line with trained mental health professionals.

Also Check: What Should I Do For Depression

Who Is At Risk For Depression

Depression can affect anyone, no matter their age, gender or circumstances. About 16 million Americans experience depression each year.

Women may experience depression more often than men. And your genetics or other health conditions can increase the likelihood that youll have at least one depressive episode in your lifetime.

Can Depression Be Prevented

Characteristics of Depression

You can help prevent depression by getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet and practicing regular self-care activities such as exercise, meditation and yoga.

If youve had depression before, you may be more likely to experience it again. If you have depression symptoms, get help. Care can help you feel better sooner.

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What Are The Possible Causes Of Depression

Every person with depression is different, and everyone with depression has a unique set of circumstances. Usually, a combination of factors will contribute. While you often can’t pinpoint the cause of the depression, understanding the circumstances can sometimes help you understand how to best manage it.

St John’s Wort For Depression

St. John’s wort is an herbal supplement that has been the subject of extensive debate. There is some evidence that it can fight mild depression, but two large studies have shown it is ineffective against moderately severe major depression. St. John’s wort can interact with other medications you may be taking for medical conditions or birth control. Talk to your doctor before taking this or any other supplement.

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Drug Therapy For Depression

Several drug classes and drugs can be used to treat depression:

Choice of drug Drug Choice and Administration of Antidepressants Several drug classes and drugs can be used to treat depression: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors Serotonin modulators Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors… read more may be guided by past response to a specific antidepressant. Otherwise, SSRIs are often the initial drugs of choice. Although the different SSRIs are equally effective for typical cases, certain properties of the drugs make them more or less appropriate for certain patients .

Exploring The Online Behavior Of Users Of Online Depression

Psychopathology depression characteristics

Exploring the Online Behavior of Users of Online Depression-Focused Co PRBM.

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Seasonal Depression Sad: Extreme Winter Season Exhaustion

Child blues as well as postpartum depression share comparable signs and symptoms as well as triggers, yet postpartum depression lasts as much as a year and also is much characteristics for manic depression more serious. If they connect to you, belows just how to assist a person with depression. As Hellerstein highlighted, dysthymia is not a hopeless problem.

Depression Treatment Misconceptions False concepts frighten lots of depression endures away from therapy as well as the quick relief and also aid these pros can supply. Let our professionals aid you comprehend the reality concerning treatment. These are the kids with solid emotional outbursts, Dr. Noble says. Theyre just characteristics for manic depression unable to include their emotions, so they act out and also act on their feelings. Right here are the ones you need to take notice of, and exactly how to understand if you may have a stress and anxiety disorder. Stay clear of decision-making when youre feeling clinically depressed, considering that you might not be believing plainly.

When To Seek Professional Help

If support from family and friends and positive lifestyle changes arent enough, it may be time to seek help from a mental health professional. There are many effective treatments for depression, including:

Therapy. Consulting a therapist can provide you tools to treat depression from a variety of angles and motivate you to take the action necessary. Therapy can also offer you the skills and insight to prevent the problem from coming back.

Atypical Depression: Whats in a Name? Article on the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of atypical depression.

Depression and Other Illnesses An overview of the mental and physical illnesses that often co-exist with depression, and how this impacts treatment.

Depression support & suicide prevention help

Depression support

In the U.S.: Find DBSA Chapters/Support Groups or call the NAMI Helpline for support and referrals at 1-800-950-6264

UK: Find Depression support groups in-person and online or call the Mind Infoline at 0300 123 3393

Australia: Find Support Groups and regional resources or call the SANE Help Centre at 1800 18 7263

India: Call the Vandrevala Foundation Helpline at 1860 2662 345 or 1800 2333 330

Suicide prevention help

In the U.S.: Call National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255

UK and Ireland: Call Samaritans UK at 116 123

Australia: Call Lifeline Australia at 13 11 14

Other countries: Visit IASP or International Suicide Hotlines to find a helpline near you

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The Physical Effects Of Depression

The most well-known symptoms of depression are emotional, including sadness, guilt, irritability, and feelings of hopelessness. Other frequent symptoms, like trouble focusing or concentrating on tasks, are also thought of as being related to ones state of mind.

Although depression is a mental illness, it can also cause physical symptoms. Pain, stomach upset, fatigue, and restlessness are just a few potential physical effects of depression. People can have these physical symptoms for a variety of reasons, but they may not realize depression can be among the potential causes.

Certain treatments used for depression, such as medication, can also have physical side effects like nausea, weight changes, and sexual dysfunction. If you have physical symptoms of depression, your doctor and mental health care provider can help you better understand and manage them.

Ongoing Mood Cognitive Changes May Require Professional Help


Depression is not only hard to endure, it is also a risk factor for heart disease and dementia. “Depressive symptoms can occur in adults for many reasons. If you are experiencing mood or cognitive changes that last for more than a few weeks, it’s a good idea to bring this up with your doctor or consult a mental health specialist to help sort out possible causes,” says Dr. Nancy Donovan, an instructor in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.The four most common types of depression are major depression, persistent depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.

Major depression. The classic depression type, major depression is a state where a dark mood is all-consuming and one loses interest in activities, even ones that are usually pleasurable. Symptoms of this type of depression include trouble sleeping, changes in appetite or weight, loss of energy, and feeling worthless. Thoughts of death or suicide may occur. It is usually treated with psychotherapy and medication. For some people with severe depression that isn’t alleviated with psychotherapy or antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy may be effective.

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Types Of Depressive Disorder

There are several types of depression, and while they are all characterised by intense low mood, there are also important differences.

Major depression is also known as major depressive disorder. The most recognised symptom is low mood and loss of interest in activities that were once considered pleasurable. These symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe, but will probably interfere with daily life and relationships. The low mood will persist for at least 2 weeks, and will be experienced on most days. Sub-types of major depression include:

  • melancholic depression, a severe form of depression that includes physical as well as emotional symptoms
  • psychotic depression, which includes hallucinations delusions or paranoia .

Bipolar disorder is characterised by extreme mood changes that disrupt daily life. Symptoms of manic episodes include showing extremely high energy in speech and activity, agitation and a reduced need for sleep.

Symptoms of depressive episodes are similar to those of major depression. People who have bipolar disorder can also experience episodes of psychosis .

Cyclothymic disorder is sometimes described as a milder form of bipolar disorder. The person experiences changing moods for at least 2 years. They have periods of hypomania and episodes of depressive symptoms. They may also have very short periods of even moods, with fewer than 2 months in between. Symptoms tend to be less severe and are shorter lasting than in bipolar disorder or major depression.

What Can I Do If I Have Depression

If you have symptoms of depression, see your healthcare provider. They can give you an accurate diagnosis, refer you to a specialist or suggest treatment options.

If you or someone you know is thinking of hurting themselves or taking their own life:

  • Go to the emergency department of your hospital.
  • Contact a healthcare provider.
  • Speak to a trusted friend, family member or spiritual leader.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Depression is a common condition that affects millions of Americans every year. Anyone can experience depression even if there doesnt seem to be a reason for it. Causes of depression include difficulties in life, brain chemistry abnormalities, some medications and physical conditions. The good news is that depression is treatable. If you have symptoms of depression, talk to your healthcare provider. The sooner you get help, the sooner you can feel better

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/31/2020.


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Characteristics And Causes Of Depression

Depression is probably the most common psychiatric complaint and has been described by physicians since before the time of ancient Greek physician Hippocrates, who called it melancholia. The course of the disorder is extremely variable from person to person it may be mild or severe, acute or chronic. Untreated, depression may last an average of four months or longer. Depression is twice as prevalent in women than in men. The typical age of onset is in the 20s, but it may occur at any age.

Depression can have many causes. Unfavourable life events can increase a persons vulnerability to depression or trigger a depressive episode. Negative thoughts about oneself and the world are also important in producing and maintaining depressive symptoms. However, both psychosocial and biochemical mechanisms seem to be important causes the chief biochemical cause appears to be the defective regulation of the release of one or more naturally occurring neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly norepinephrine and serotonin. Reduced quantities or reduced activity of these chemicals in the brain is thought to cause the depressed mood in some sufferers.

Research suggests that depression is also linked to physical activity, whereby physical activity may lower a persons risk of developing depression. Individuals who exercise typically report better mental health and are less likely to be depressed, compared with individuals who do not exercise.

Psycom Explains The Different Types Of Depression From Major Depressive Disorder To Dysthymia Postpartum Depression Seasonal Affective Disorder And More

Year 12 PSYCHOLOGY – Characteristics of Depression

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Depression is more than just feeling sad. Everyone feels low, upset, or unmotivated from time to time, but depression is much more than simply being down in the dumps. Depressive disorder is a mood disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels and behaves. Signs and symptoms of depression can range from hopelessness and fatigue, to a loss of interest in life, physical pain, and even suicidal thoughts. The DSM-5 definition of depression states that should a person present with these symptoms for a period of two weeks, the individual is experiencing a depressive episode.

There are many different types of depression, some of which are caused by events in your life, and others by chemical changes in the brain. Depression can be thought of as an umbrella term for a variety of disorders, some of which are caused by certain life events or situations, and others by chemical changes in the brain. Whatâs more, while some of the symptoms associated with the various depressive disorders overlap, there are also some key differences.

With the term âdepressionâ encompassing so many types of depression, if you think you might be depressed, you may be asking yourself: what kind of depression do I have?

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Common Characteristics Of Major Depression

The common characteristics of major depression include thoughts and behaviors that have lasted almost constantly for a period of two weeks or more. A sudden loss of interest in hobbies, activities, or social events that were previously enjoyed by the individual is a very common characteristic. Individuals often describe this as a feeling of numbness or detachment. Friends and family might also notice the individual separating from others, giving away items that were once meaningful, and rarely laughing.

Fatigue, irritability, and the feeling of just ânot being good enoughâ tend to accompany feelings of hopelessness or despair. While energy levels frequently drop with major depression, irritability of the individual seems to increase. It is common for a patient to over-react or snap over petty things. Unplanned significant weight loss or weight gain, often due to anxiety related to the depression, or loss of appetite, is an important characteristic to be aware of in conjunction with other characteristics, since it is often mistaken for simply a change in diet or activity level.

Often an individual suffering from major depression displays feelings of misplaced guilt or worthlessness. Feeling as if one is to blame or is at fault can increase the intensity of this characteristic. This characteristic of major depression is often noted when the individual has suffered abuse or trauma.

Increased Fatigue And Sleep Problems

Part of the reason you might stop doing things you enjoy is because you feel very tired. Depression often comes with a lack of energy and an overwhelming feeling of fatigue, which can be among the most debilitating symptoms of depression. This could lead to excessive sleeping.

Depression is also linked with insomnia, as one might lead to the other and vice versa. They can also make each other worse. The lack of quality, restful sleep can also lead to anxiety.

Depression can affect the sexes differently. Research shows that men with depression may have symptoms such as irritability, escapist or risky behavior, substance abuse, or misplaced anger.

Men are also less likely than women to recognize depression or seek treatment for it.

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How Is Depression Syndrome Treated

Depression can be serious, but its also treatable. Treatment for depression includes:

  • Self-help: Regular exercise, getting enough sleep, and spending time with people you care about can improve depression symptoms.
  • Counseling: Counseling or psychotherapy is talking with a mental health professional. Your counselor helps you address your problems and develop coping skills. Sometimes brief therapy is all you need. Other people continue therapy longer.
  • Alternative medicine: People with mild depression or ongoing symptoms can improve their well-being with complementary therapy. Therapy may include massage, acupuncture, hypnosis and biofeedback.
  • Medication: Prescription medicine called antidepressants can help change brain chemistry that causes depression. Antidepressants can take a few weeks to have an effect. Some antidepressants have side effects, which often improve with time. If they dont, talk to your provider. A different medications may work better for you.
  • Brain stimulation therapy: Brain stimulation therapy can help people who have severe depression or depression with psychosis. Types of brain stimulation therapy include electroconvulsive therapy , transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation .

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